SQL Server 2022: Enhancing Admin Power

The most recent version of Microsoft’s relational database management systems is called SQL Server 2022. It is made to make data storage, retrieval, and modification easier for both enterprises and private users. The way we interact with data will be reimagined by SQL Server 2022’s cutting-edge capabilities and improvements.

Table of Contents

Introduction to SQL Server 2022:

Explore the world of SQL Server 2022 while learning about its features, installation procedure, benefits, and drawbacks in a clear and reader-friendly manner. Prepare yourself to fully realize the possibilities of data management.

History:

The beginning of SQL Server’s journey began as a Microsoft project in the 1980s. It has developed over time from a straightforward database management system to a sophisticated platform that enables intricate data operations. Modern technology have been added into SQL Server with each iteration, laying the groundwork for innovation in SQL Server 2022.

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New features or enhancements in SQL Server 2022

  1. With Azure Synapse Link for SQL, you can execute analytics, business intelligence, and machine learning scenarios on your operational data with little to no impact on source databases thanks to new change feed technology. It is made feasible by a smooth connection of specialized SQL pools for Azure Synapse Analytics with active stores in SQL Server 2022.
  2. Because SQL Server 2022 adds object storage integration to the data platform, you may now combine SQL Server with object storage compatible with S3.
  3. Oracle TNS file support is included in SQL Server 2022’s second cumulative release.
  4. Use the Defender for SQL plan to protect your SQL servers. Defender for SQL has tools for spotting anomalous activity that may indicate a database security issue and for locating and fixing potential database vulnerabilities. But, to use Azure, the SQL Server Extension must be enabled.
  5. Text columns using UTF-8 collations in private queries with enclaves are supported by the always-encrypted capability, which also supports JOIN, GROUP BY, and ORDER BY.
  6. The ability to import and export private keys and certificates in PFX file format has been added. Ability to store and retrieve master keys for Azure Blob Storage. Currently, SQL Server certificates have an RSA key size of 3072 bits by default.
  7. While allocating/deallocating data pages and extents, concurrent changes to shared global allocation map (SGAM) and global allocation map (GAM) pages lessen page latch contention. All user databases can benefit from these improvements, although tempdb is more heavily burdened than the others.
  8. Larger memory servers require improved management to minimize out-of-memory scenarios and effectively administer In-memory OLTP.
  9. In prior SQL Server versions, four VLFs were issued if the subsequent rise was less than 64MB and the growth was more than 1/8 of the current log size. There is a slight variation in this behavior in SQL Server 2022. If the increase is more significant than 1/8 of the current log size and less than or equal to 64 MB, just one VLF is generated.
  10. Spinlocks provide a significant portion of the engine’s consistency for many threads. Spinlocks are more efficient because of internal Database Engine modifications. This modification was added to Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Managed Instance, and SQL Server 2022.
  11. Instant file initialization (IFI) is not beneficial for transaction log files. Transaction log growth events up to 64 MB can benefit from rapid file initialization, starting with SQL Server 2022 and Azure SQL Database.
  12. Concurrency problems were frequently seen in earlier versions when databases and database files were shrunk to free up space. WAIT_AT_LOW_PRIORITY is a new option added to SQL Server 2022 for shrink operations (DBCC SHRINKFILE and DBCC SHRINKDATABASE). When WAIT_AT_LOW_PRIORITY is set, the waiting shrink operation doesn’t block subsequent queries needing Sch-S or Sch-M locks until it finishes waiting and starts working.
  13. SQL Server 2022 requires encryption when utilizing TLS 1.3 and MS-TDS 8.

Advantages:

Enhanced Performance:

The performance optimisations introduced in SQL Server 2022 guarantee that queries are processed and data is retrieved more quickly.

Data Security:

Improved access restrictions and cutting-edge security technologies like data encryption support data protection. It employs an immutable ledger to help guard against data manipulation.

Scalability:

SQL Server 2022 is made to easily manage expanding datasets, making it appropriate for companies of all sizes.

Machine Learning Integration:

Integration with machine learning models: This offers predictive analysis and shrewd insights.

Real-time analytics:

Having access to real-time information enables users to quickly make defensible judgments.

Hybrid abilities

You may execute your databases either on-premises or in the cloud thanks to the hybrid features provided by SQL Server 2022.

Market-leading accessibility

Business continuity is supported by SQL Server 2022’s industry-leading availability for quicker queries.

Disadvantages:

Cost:

Because of the high cost of its sophisticated capabilities, SQL Server 2022 is less affordable for small businesses.

Resource Consumption:

Running SQL Server 2022 uses a lot of system resources, which might affect other programs.

Learning Curve:

For newcomers, comprehending SQL Server 2022’s intricacies may present a high learning curve.

Vendor Lock-In:

Since SQL Server is a Microsoft product, there may be limited interoperability with other systems as a result of vendor lock-in.

Complexity:

Setting up and maintaining SQL Server 2022 may be challenging, especially for organizations without dedicated database administrators.

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Prerequisites to Install SQL Server 2022

The following are a few things to bear in mind when installing SQL Server 2022 on any server:

Operating System: It requires Windows Server 2019 or higher. For Linux, We need to take supported Linux distribution.

CPU: The processor should be an Intel Pentium IV with EM64T support, AMD Opteron, Intel Xeon with Intel EM64T support, and AMD Athlon 64.

RAM: Memory should be at least 512 MB of RAM.

Hard Disc Space: It requires at least 6 GB of free space on the drive.

It’s crucial to confirm that your environment satisfies the requirements before installing SQL Server 2022. The following are the standard requirements for setting up SQL Server 2022:

Operating System

Verify to see if the minimal operating system requirements are met by your server or not. Multiple Windows Server editions and specific Windows 10 versions are compatible with SQL Server 2022.

Hardware specifications

Verify that the minimum and recommended specs for CPU, RAM, and disc space are met by your system. The precise specifications may change depending on the edition and installed components.

.NET Framework

A certain version of the.NET Framework is needed for SQL Server 2022. Although this is usually checked during installation, it’s a good idea to make sure your system has the necessary version of the .NET Framework installed.

OS Updates

Ensure that the most recent Windows updates are installed on your operating system. Service packs and security updates fall under this category.

SQL Server Management Studio

You may wish to download and install the SQL Server 2022 version of SQL Server Management Studio if you intend to use it to administer your SQL Server instance. SSMS is frequently a different download.

Collation Settings

During the installation process, select the collation options for your SQL Server instance. String comparison is carried out according to collation settings. Select a collation that satisfies the criteria of your application.

Service Accounts

For SQL Server services, plan and set up service accounts. The rights and privileges that these accounts have over SQL Server services are set by them. For security purposes, think about utilizing distinct accounts for various services.

Firewall Configuration

Modify your firewall configuration to permit SQL Server connectivity. This involves setting up the firewall to accept inbound connections on port 1433 used by SQL Server by default, as well as any other ports that may be utilized by other SQL Server services.

User Rights and Permissions

Make sure that the account you’re installing on the server has the required administrative permissions. This contains the proper SQL Server-specific roles and local administrator access.

Configuring the tempDB

Arrange the TempDB database’s configuration, taking into account the quantity and locations of the data files. For the best possible SQL Server performance, this is crucial.

Plan for Backup and Recovery

Prior to installation, create a backup and recovery strategy. This involves choosing the kind and frequency of backups you’ll use to safeguard your data.

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Step-By-Step Guide for installing SQL Server 2022:

Step 1: Download the Installer

To download the SQL Server 2022 installer, go to the official Microsoft website or another reliable source. Make sure to select the version (such as Express, Standard, or Enterprise) that best meets your requirements.

Step 2: Run the Installer

To launch the downloaded installer, which is often in.exe format, find it and double-click it. It will become possible to install SQL Server.

Run the Installer

Step 3: Select the correct type of installation

During the Installation, we need to select the correct type of installation as per our requirement like the “New SQL Server stand-alone installation or add feature to an existing installation” option.

Step 4: Accept the Licence Terms

After reading and accepting the license conditions, click the “I accept the license terms” checkbox.

Accept the Licence Terms

Step 5: Choose the Installation Type

There are two installation configurations for SQL Server:

Basic: This option installs SQL Server with the default settings. It is suitable for those who like a straightforward installation without personalized settings.

Custom:If you want more control over the installation options, select Custom. You may select certain features to install and configure various settings.

Step 6: Pick Features (Only for Custom Installation)

You will be asked to pick the features you wish to install if you choose the custom installation. Check the characteristics you require after going over the list. Frequently chosen features include:
The essential component of SQL Server for managing and storing data is the database engine services.
A management tool for SQL Server is SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS).
If you need sophisticated search options, use the full-text and semantic extractions.
Additional features according to your needs.

Feature Selection

Step 7: Configure the instance

The instance name and instance ID can be entered here. SQL Server installs a named instance with a name that is chosen at random by default. You can provide your own instance name or leave the defaults in place.

Instance Configuration

Step 8: Configure the server

By defining the service accounts and startup types, you may configure SQL Server services. For the majority of setups, the default settings are often acceptable. For certain needs, you might need to modify these variables.

Server Configuration

Step 9: Configuring the database engine

For your SQL Server instance, configure the authentication mode as follows:
Ideal for integrated security with Windows users and groups is Windows Authentication Mode.
Allows Windows and SQL Server logins in mixed mode (SQL Server and Windows Authentication).
Add Windows users or groups with administrative rights to set up SQL Server administrators.

Name the place where SQL Server 2022 will be installed. You have the option of selecting a different directory or accepting the default location.

SQL Server 2022 Database Engine Configuration

Step 10: Specify Location for Binaries

Identify the location of SQL Server 2022’s installation. You may either choose a different directory or go with the suggested one.

Step 11: Proceed to Install

Go back and examine your setting selections on the summary screen. If all seems to be in order, click “Install” to start the installation process.

Step 12: Installation Progress

The installer will display the installation’s status. This might take some time, depending on how well your system works and whatever components you choose.

Step 13: Finishing

A screen will indicate that the installation was successful once it has been completed. You may also look at the installation log for further details.

Step 14: Verify Installation

If you installed SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS), open it to make sure SQL Server 2022 is set up properly. To connect to the SQL Server instance, use the login credentials you choose during installation.

Congratulations! The SQL Server 2022 installation is complete. You may now use it to manage your databases and data.

Common Issues during the Installation of SQL Server 2022

Users could run into frequent problems when installing SQL Server 2022, which could make the installation procedure more difficult. The following are some common issues and possible fixes for them:

Not Meeting System Requirements

Issue: The server is not up to par with SQL Server 2022 minimal requirements.
Solution: Confirm that the hardware specs, operating system version, and other prerequisites line up with those listed in the SQL Server manual.

Blocked Port

Issue: Blocked ports cause the installation to fail.
Solution: Make sure firewalls aren’t blocking the required ports (1433 for the default instance, for example). Modify the firewall’s settings appropriately.

Port Config in SQL Server

Insufficient Permissions

Issue: Not enough permissions prevent the installation from succeeding.
Solution: Use a server account with administrator capabilities to carry out the installation. Verify that the account is authorized to install SQL Server.

Existing Instances of SQL Server

Issue: There are already SQL Server instances running, however, the installation fails while attempting to install a new instance.
Solution: Select a distinct instance name and make sure it doesn’t clash with any already-existing instances. Or enhance an already-existing instance with new functionality.

.NET Framework Issues

Issue: A certain version of the.NET Framework is needed for the installation.
Solution: Before beginning the SQL Server installation, install or upgrade the necessary version of the.NET Framework.

SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) Version Mismatch

Issue: Managing SQL Server 2022 with an incompatible version of SSMS.
Solution: To assure compatibility, download and install the SSMS version that matches SQL Server 2022.

Conflicting Authentication Modes

Issue: During installation, there is a conflict between the chosen authentication methods.
Solution: One possible solution is to make sure that the installation process uses Windows Authentication or Mixed Mode for authentication consistently.

Incomplete Installation Media

Issue: Incomplete or faulty installation media cause the installation to fail.
Solution: To make sure the SQL Server 2022 installation package is not damaged, re-download it. If necessary, utilize a reputable extraction program.

Software Interference by Antivirus

Issue: Installing software is being hindered by antivirus software.
Solution: Either set antivirus software to enable SQL Server installation or temporarily deactivate it while the installation is underway.

Windows Updates Pending

Issue: Unfinished Windows update installation prevents installation.
Solution: Before attempting to install SQL Server 2022, be sure that all pending Windows updates have been installed.

Problems with SQL Server Configuration Manager

Issue: SQL Server Configuration Manager configuration problems.
Solution: Look into Configuration Manager problems, or manually setup services using Windows’ Services program.

FAQs

Q1: Is it possible for me to update to SQL Server 2022 from a prior version?

Ans: In-place upgrades from SQL Server 2016 and later are supported by SQL Server 2022.

Q2: What SQL Server 2022 versions are available?

Ans: There are three editions available: Standard, Enterprise, and Express.

Q3: Is SQL Server 2022 available for free?

Ans: For usage with smaller databases, SQL Server 2022 Express is available for free.

Q4: Can Linux be used with SQL Server 2022?

Ans: SQL Server 2022 is compatible with Linux and Windows operating systems.

Q5: What is the SQL Server 2022 Express maximum database size?

Ans: The Express edition database can have a maximum capacity of 10 GB.

Q6: Is it possible to utilize Azure Synapse Analytics with SQL Server 2022?

Ans: Integration with Azure Synapse Analytics is present.

Q7: Does containerization support SQL Server 2022?

Ans: Docker containers are capable of running SQL Server 2022.

Q8: Why is Always Encrypted with Secure Enclaves implemented?

Ans: By enabling calculations on encrypted data inside of a secure enclave, it improves data security.

Q9: Is it possible to set up SQL Server 2022 on a virtual computer?

Ans: Installations of virtual machines are supported.

Conclusion

With an abundance of cutting-edge features and improvements, SQL Server 2022 proves to be a powerful and versatile database management system. Customers who wish to look into, install, and use the newest features in SQL Server 2022 will find comprehensive how-to instructions in this article.

Other Important Articles

A Powerful Merge Statement in SQL Server

Dynamic Data Masking in SQL Server

Understand Deadlocks in SQL Server

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